This study aims to determine the process of carrying out the katingka ritual carried out by Muna ethnic farmers in Bahutara Village, Muna Regency and analyze the meaning contained in it. The theory used in this study is the theory of symbols from Victor Turner. Data collection is done through observation and in-depth interviews. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively qualitatively. The results showed that the process of carrying out katingka was carried out at the location of the garden which had just been cleaned and had not been planted. The katingka ritual is carried out to unite the souls between farmers, garden land, and supernatural beings (kodasano) so that farmers stay healthy and get abundant crops. The main objective of farmers is to hold a katingka ritual, namely: first, as a form of respect and permission to Kodasano that they process the forest or land to be used as a plantation location. Second, to protect their plants from pest disorders, such as pigs and other types of plant diseases. Third, as one form of immunization or immunity to diseases for land processors and prevention of diseases against plants. In the lives of ethnic Muna farmers in Bahutara Village, this ritual contains religious meaning and the meaning of social control.
Keywords: ritual, katingka, cultivation, farmers, munanese
Ritual, Katingka, Cultivation, Farmers, Munanese
Dhafamony, Mariasusai. 2003. Fenomenologi Agama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Foster, M. G. dan Barbara, G. A.. 1986. Antropologi Kesehatan. Jakarta: UI Press.
Koentjaraningrat. 1985. Beberapa Pokok Antropologi Sosial. Yogyakarta: Dian Rakyat.
Masinambow, E.K.M. 1977. Koenjaraningrat dan Antropologi di Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
Mbete, Aron Meko. 2006. Pembangunan Perladangan Lio-Ende Dalam Prespektif dan Strategi Kebudayaan. Ende: Bappeda Ende.
Rendra. 1983. Mempertimbangkan Tradisi. Jakarta: Gramedia.
Sobur, Alex. 2004. Semiotika Komunikasi. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.
Spradley, James. 1997. Metode etnografi. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.
Suraya, Rahmat Sewa. 2011. Kearifan Lokal Tradisi Kasalasa dalam Perladangan Berpindah pada Komunitas Petani Etnis Muna di Kabupaten Muna Sulawesi Tenggara. Tesis pada Program Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana. Denpasar. Tidak diterbitkan.
Turner, Victor, W. 1967. The Drums of Affliction. New York: Cornel University Press.
Wibowo, Fred. 2007. Kebudayaan Menggugat, Menuntut Perubahan Sikap, Perilaku, Serta Sistem Yang Tidak Berkebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Pinus Book Publisher.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work