Author Guidelines

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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Article similarity index should not be more than 24%


The editor of Etnoreflika welcomes article submissions in accordance with the following guidelines:

1. Articles are written in Indonesia or English using academic language along with standard academic writing structure and composition. Manuscripts are typed 1,5 spaced in a quarto paper size (A4), between 4000-8000 words in length including references, pictures, and tables. Papers that greatly exceed this will be critically reviewed with respect to length.

Title : The title should be concise and indicate the identity of the subject, the research objectives, and keywords.

Author name : The author's name without academic degrees and not preceded by the word "by" followed by the name of the institution, address of  institution and contact email.

Abstract : Abstract should describe the entire content of the article from 150 to 300 words. It is not allowed references to figures and tables.  It is written in a straightforward, concise, and must include:

    • Background (optional, one or two sentence)
    • Research objective
    • Method
    • Result and Discussion
    • Conclusion

Keyword : Use keywords can describe the content of article. It is written in 5 to 7 words.
Introduction : Basically, in the introduction provides general background research, literature review (state of the art)/theoretical construct (if needed), originality of research (gap analysis), and research objectives. In the literature review, there are at least five articles reviewed briefly that can justify the novelty of the research. The introduction section ends with an emphasis on items to be discussed,

Method : In the methods section provides a summary of the methods used, such as the subjects studied, tools and materials used, model or design used, informant selection technique or sampling technique, the measured variable and data analysis used.

Result and Discussion: Consists of results of the study. It can be illustrated using tables or figures to clarify the presentation of the results verbally. The data presented is data that is processed, not raw data.

Conclusion : Conclusion is a brief summary of findings and discussion. It is strongly recommended to avoid mere repetitive statements from the previous sections. Write the conclusion briefly and clearly. Do not discuss again at the conclusion. Do not use Bullet / Numbering.


2. Types of articles suitable for publication include the following: research reports, conceptual ideas, studies, theory applications.

3. Make sure that your paper is prepared using the Manuscript Template 

4. At least 15 references with 80% coming from the original research article (Journal).

5. Scientific articles will be published in the JURNAL ETNOREFLIKA must follow the rules of writing on the paper body. Articles should be in form of essay which includes:

6. Article similarity index should not be more than 24%

7. Diacritics and Spelling of Proper Names

In order to be reproduced accurately in printed version, articles must be aware of any special (e.g., phonetic) symbols. They must be explained in detail with a typeset sample as well. To deal with this issue, Etnoreflika recommends authors to use Times New Roman font, but if this font does not support some symbols, authors are allowed to use other alternatives with notification to the Etnoreflika board.

Authors must be aware of the spelling of proper names, especially in terms of Indonesian personal names, newspapers, offices, and organizations. They have to be written as their original spelling although they might be now outdated, for example: Poerbatjaraka, Ki Hadjar Dewantara, Zoetmulder, and Margono Djojohadikusumo, Sukarno, Soeharto.

Meanwhile, any geographical names should be written in their modern spellings.


8. Dates and Numbers

Dates in the text: 17 August 1945; dates in footnotes and the bibliography: 17-8-1945. Numbers from one to ten should be spelled out; higher numbers, percentages and measurements should be given as numerals (3 km, 6%).

9. Figures, Tables and Maps

For all images (line drawings, photographs, maps), please use high resolution source files: min. 150 dpi for photographs, min 300 dpi for linework images. This is the minimum resolution required at the dimensions of which the images should eventually be reproduced. Please bear in mind that the images themselves should also be of high quality (e.g. the images should be clear and sharp and any text in the images should be sharp and legible). Give the caption and the source of the figure in the main text (exactly at the point where you indicate: ‘Figure x about here’).

10. The Guidelines for Citation and Reference

Reference list format is based on APA (American Psychological Association) style 6th edition. The reference list should appear at the end of the article and includes only literature actually cited in the manuscripts. References are ordered alphabetically and chronologically. We strongly recommend authors to use reference tools, such as MendeleyZoteroEndnote, etc. Herewith are some of the APA-based references format structure:

    • Printed book: Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of work. Publisher City, State: Publisher.
    • Online book: Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of work [E-Reader Version]. Retrieved from http://xxxx or doi:xxxx
    • Journal article in print: Author, A. A. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical TitleVolume(Issue), pp.-pp.
    • Journal article online: Author, A. A. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical TitleVolume(Issue), pp.-pp. doi: xx.xxxx or Retrieved from journal URL
    • Website article: Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Retrieved from URL; Article title. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Retrieved from URL
    • Newspaper in print: Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Newspaper Title, pp. xx-xx.
    • Newspaper online: Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Newspaper Title, Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL
    • Magazine article in print: Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.
    • Encyclopedia: Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Entry title. In Encyclopedia Title, (Vol. xx, pp. xx). City, State of publication: Publisher.

11. The editor appreciates if authors excerpt information from previously published articles in Etnoreflika.

12. Articles should be submitted in soft files using document format (.doc or .docx) to the Online Submission



ETNOREFLIKA: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya  are published under the terms of the  Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users may read, copy and distribute the work in any medium  provided the authors and the journal are appropriately credited. 



1. License

All material published by ETNOREFLIKA: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya is protected under International copyright and intellectual property laws. The ETNOREFLIKA is licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 International License (CC-BY-SA) or an equivalent license as the optimal license for the publication, distribution, use, and reuse of scholarly works. 

This license permits anyone to compose, repair, and make derivative creation even for commercial purposes, as long as appropriate credit and proper acknowledgment of the original publication from a journal are made to allow users to trace back to the original manuscript and author.

You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. If you remix, transform or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.

2. Author's Warranties

The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.

 3. User Rights

Under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license, the author(s) and users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution).

 4. Rights of Authors

Authors retain the following rights: 

  • copyright, and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,
  • the right to use the substance of the article in future own works, including lectures and books,
  • the right to reproduce the article for own purposes, provided the copies are not offered for sale,
  • the right to self-archive the article.

 6. Co-Authorship

If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.

7. Termination

This agreement can be terminated by the author or ETNOREFLIKA upon two months notice where the other party has materially breached this agreement and failed to remedy such breach within a month of being given the terminating partys notice requesting such breach to be remedied. No breach or violation of this agreement will cause this agreement or any license granted in it to terminate automatically or affect the definition of ETNOREFLIKA. 

8. Royalties

This agreement entitles the author to no royalties or other fees. To such extent as legally permissible, the author waives his or her right to collect royalties relative to the article in respect of any use of the article by ETNOREFLIKA or its sublicensee.

9. Miscellaneous

ETNOREFLIKA will publish the article (or have it published) in the Journal, if the article editorial process is successfully completed and ETNOREFLIKA or its sublicensee has become obligated to have the article published. ETNOREFLIKA may conform the article to a style of punctuation, spelling, capitalization and usage that it deems appropriate. The author acknowledges that the article may be published so that it will be publicly accessible and such access will be free of charge for the readers. ETNOREFLIKA will be allowed to sublicense the rights that are licensed to it under this agreement. 


Privacy Statement

The names, email addresses, and affiliations entered into the Etnoreflika website are used exclusively for the purposes of providing readers professional access to the authors whose articles are published by the journal. No other information is collected, and none of the aforementioned information is shared with a third party.


Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Publication: 500.000 (IDR)

This fee is to be paid once a manuscript is accepted for publication, and is used to cover the publication costs of the journal. There are no fees for submitting an article.