Focus and Scope
Peer Review Process
Open Access Policy
Screening for Plagiarism
Focus and Scope
The ETNORELIKA journal is dedicated as a scientific periodical publication which is expected to be an arena for exchanging ideas and thoughts in the field of Anthropology in particular and the social sciences in general. Etnoreflika comes with a mission to build tradition and academic climate for the advancement of civilization and human dignity.
In addition, the ETNOREFLIKA Journal deliberately took the generic word "ethnos" which aims to expand the mission of promoting and developing a spirit of multiculturalism in the life of a pluralistic Indonesian society. Reflika is interpreted as a process of reflecting on its behavior, ideas, and environment. Editors accept theoretical writings, research results, and writings that contain constructive ideas to solve socio-cultural problems in the broadest sense as well as development issues in general, as well as reviews of anthropological textbooks and other social and cultural sciences. The contents of the article do not have to be in line with the opinion of the editor.
Peer Review Process
Etnoreflika aims to publish academic articles that uncover new depths in the study of socio-cultural. These articles should be able to contribute to and advance our current understanding of social and culture with a sound scientific basis. To ensure this, we employ a double-blind review, which means that both the reviewers' and authors' identities are concealed from each other throughtout the review process.
More specifically, our editorial process is as follows:
- Initial screening. All submissions are initially screened by the Editor-in-Chief for their conformity to Etnoreflika's scope and basic submission requirements, and checked for plagiarism. Manuscripts that fail to abide by our ethical standards are immediately rejected, as are manuscripts that do not fit within the journal's scope.
- Reviewer assignment. Manuscripts that pass initial screening are then handed over to a section editor, who will select at least two relevant reviewers and initiate the peer review process.
- Peer review. During this stage, a reviewer will asess the content of the manuscript and provide their recommendation to the Editor-in-Chief.
- First decision. Once both (or more) reviewers have submitted their recommendations, the manuscript is either rejected, asked for revisions (minor or major), or accepted as is. If it is accepted, the manuscript is returned to the submitting author for proofreading. The final decision to accept the manuscript is made by the Editor-in-Chief based on the recommendation of the section editor and following approval by the editorial board.
- Revision. A manuscript that requires revisions is returned to the submitting author, who will have up to four weeks to revise the manuscript. Once the revision is submitted, it is once again assessed by the section editor to determine whether the changes are adequate and appropriate, as well as whether the author(s) sufficiently responded to the reviewers' comments and suggestions. If the revisions are deemed to be inadequate, this step is repeated (the manuscript is returned to the submitting author once more for further revision).
- Final decision. Finally, the revised manuscript is either accepted or rejected, depending on whether the section editor has found the manuscript to have been improved to a level worthy of publication. If the author(s) are unable to make the required changes or have done so to a degree below Etnoreflika’s standards, the manuscript is rejected.
- Language editing. Once the manuscript is accepted, it is returned to the submitting author for final editing of its language and content; these are changes that improve the readability of the article without changing the substance of the content. Etnoreflika requires authors to return the manuscript with proof that changes have been made, which the editorial board will review before ultimately greenlighting the manuscript for publication.
- Typesetting. Once greenlit, the manuscript is handed over to the journal’s typesetter. The final version of the article, as it will appear in Etnoreflika, is returned to the submitting author for proofreading and final approval.
- Publication. Congratulations! The published article will appear in the latest issue of Etnoreflika.
Etnoreflika is published triannually, in February, June, and October.
Open Access Policy
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
It is strictly against the ethics of academic article publication for duplication of publication. It is mandatory that contributors (authors) provide a written declaration that a manuscript submitted to Etnoreflika has not been previously published and is not being considered for other publications. In addition, we have a commitment to ensure that all submissions are original. Therefore, the editorial office of our journal is responsible to cross-check to ensure that submitted manuscripts have not been published prior to their submission to Etnoreflika.
There is a limit to the extent that Etnoreflika can examine submitted works. As such, we call upon external reviewers and the academic community to report any misconduct to our help desk officer via firstname.lastname@example.org for prompt action to be taken.
Etnoreflika may initiate a retraction if a work is proven to be fraudulent, or an expression of concern if our editors have well-founded suspicion of misconduct. In addition, Etnoreflika can facilitate a replacement. In this case, the author(s)'s of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original article and replace it with a revised version.
Neither peer-reviewer' comments nor correspondence should contain personal attacks on authors. Editors and peer-reviewers should only criticize the work, not the researcher and should edit (or reject) letters containing personal or offensive statements.
Authors of Etnoreflika must adhere to the following guidelines:
- The authorship should balance intellectual contributions to the conception, design, analysis, and writing of the manuscript against other work in relation to the research. If there is no task that can reasonably be attributed to a particular individual, this individual should not be credited with the authorship.
- Authors must declare that the work reported is their own and that they are the copyright owner (or else have obtained the copyright owner's permission).
- Authors must declare that the submitted article and its essential content have not previously been published and are not being considered for publication elsewhere.
- The author should avoid disputes over attribution of academic credit. Therefore, it is helpful to decide early on who will be credited as corresponding author, contributors, and who will be acknowledged.
- Authors must take public responsibility for the content of their paper. It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.
- Any conflict of interest must be clearly stated.
- Authors must acknowledge the data sources of their research and should acknowledge financial support sources to the research if any.
- All errors discovered in the manuscript after submission must be quickly communicated to the Editor.
- Authors should state that the papers they submit have been approved by the relevant research ethics committee or institutional review board. If human participants were involved, manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the participants had signed informed consent forms.
- Authors should submit a short description of all contributions to their manuscript. Each author's contribution should be described in brief. Authors of research papers should state whether they had complete access to the study data that support the publication. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should also be listed and their particular contribution described. This information should appear as an acknowledgment.
- Authors should include information about their research fundings in their manuscripts.
- Authors have a right to appeal editorial decisions.
Reviewers of Etnoreflika must adhere to the following guidelines:
- All manuscripts are reviewed in fairness based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry nor political values of the authors.
- Any observed conflict of interest during the review process must be communicated to the editor.
- All information pertaining to the manuscript is kept confidential.
- Any information that may be the reason for a publication rejection must be communicated to the Editor.
- The duty of confidentiality in the assessment of a manuscript must be maintained by expert reviewers, and this extends to reviewers’ colleagues who may be asked (with the editor’s permission) to give opinions on specific sections.
- Submitted manuscript should not be retained or copied.
- Reviewers and editors should not make any use of the data, arguments, or interpretations unless they have the authors’ permission.
- Reviewers should provide speedy, accurate, courteous, unbiased, and justifiable reports.
- Reviewers assigned to an article will comment on the following items:
- The importance, originality, and timeliness of the study
- Strengths and weaknesses of the study design and data analysis for research papers or the analysis and commentary for essays
- Writing, organization, and presentation
- The degree to which the findings justify the conclusion
- The relevance, usefulness, and comprehensibility of the article for the Journal’s target audience.
Editors of Etnoreflika must adhere to the following guidelines:
- Editors’ decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication should be based only on the paper’s importance, originality, and clarity, and the study’s relevance to the remit of the journal.
- Editors must treat all submitted papers as confidential.
- Editors should inform peer reviewers about this Misconduct.
- Editors should encourage peer-reviewers to consider ethical issues raised by the research they are reviewing.
- Editors should request additional information from authors if they feel this is required.
- Editors should exercise sensitivity when publishing images of objects that might have cultural significance or cause offense.
- Editors should inform readers if ethical breaches have occurred.
- Editors should encourage peer-reviewers to decline peer-review request if they identify a conflict of interest with the manuscript.
- Editors may assign peer-reviewers suggested by authors but should not consider suggestions made by authors as binding.
- Editors should mediate all exchanges between authors and peer reviewers during the peer-review process (i.e. prior to publication). If agreement cannot be reached, editors should consider inviting comments from additional peer reviewer(s) if the editor feels that this would be helpful.
- Decisions by editors about whether or not to publish submitted manuscripts must not be influenced by pressure from the editor's employer, the journal owner, or the publisher.
- Editors should publish corrections for discovered errors that could affect the interpretation of data or information presented in a manuscript.
- Editors should expect allegations of theft or plagiarism to be substantiated and should treat allegations of theft or plagiarism seriously.
- Editors should keep peer-reviewers’ identities from authors. If peer-reviewers’ identities are revealed, editors should discourage authors from contacting peer-reviewers directly, especially when misconduct is suspected.
- Editors should reserve the right to reject manuscripts if there is a doubt whether appropriate procedures have been followed. If a paper has been submitted from a country where there is no ethics committee or institutional review board, editors should use their own experience to judge whether or not the paper can be published. If the decision is made to publish a paper under this circumstance, a short statement should be included to explain this situation.
- Editors should ensure timely peer-review and publication for manuscripts they receive, especially where findings may have important implications.
- The Editorial Board is responsible for making publication decisions based on the reviewer’s evaluation, policies of the journal editorial board and legal restraint acting against plagiarism, libel, and copyright infringement.
(This Publication Ethics adopted from Committee on Publications Ethics-COPE)
Screening for Plagiarism
Manuscripts submitted to Etnoreflika are screened for plagiarism using a Turnitin. In accordance with our publication ethics, manuscripts found to have an unacceptable level of similarity to a previously published article are immediately rejected.
This journal utilizes the Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD), system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration.
All papers submitted to Etnoreflika undergo a rigorous peer review to ensure that they not only fit into the journal's scope but are of sufficient academic quality and novelty to appeal to our readers. As a reviewer, you are required to uphold this standard.
These guidelines will help you understand your responsibilities as a reviewer, as well as your ethical obligations to both the journal and the authors. You will also be introduced to what you should be looking for in a manuscript so that your review will be consistent with others requested by the journal. This is particularly important as all articles submitted to Etnoreflika should be evaluated on a level playing field.
Your responsibilities as a reviewer
As a reviewer, you are responsible for reading the manuscript and evaluating its suitability for publication in Etnoreflika. You are expected to provide constructive, impartial, unambiguous, and honest feedback to the authors, with the purpose of encouraging them to improve their manuscript to the point that it can be published in Etnoreflika.
Your role in Etnoreflika’s commitment to author development
We believe that publication is not an endpoint, but rather—through its function as a facilitator of scientific debate—one step of many in an author’s evolution. Any author, but especially one in the early stages of their career, should come out of the review process has improved as a writer and researcher. For this reason, Etnoreflika urges reviewers to not only do their part in helping a manuscript reach its potential but to draw from their wealth of experience to help up-and-coming authors find their true voice. By providing thoughtful, constructive criticism that authors can use to shape their subsequent writing, you aid us in paying the knowledge forward.
A further contribution you make is in establishing a standard of good reviewing practices, showing through example how a peer review is to be conducted.
Conversely, we must also emphasize that any form of criticism aimed at demoralizing an author is unacceptable, regardless of a manuscript’s academic merit (or lack thereof). Reviewer comments that in any way intimidate, denigrate, or discourage an author from pursuing the publication of their present or any future article are not tolerated, and any reviewer who exhibits this detrimental behavior will be permanently barred from contributing further to Etnoreflika.
Etnoreflika relies on the impartiality and discretion of its reviewers, and as one, you have entrusted with confidential material meant solely for critical evaluation. Without exception, you must treat all documents and correspondence related to the review with care. You should:
- Never use any of the information related to the review for the advancement of your own research or career, or to discredit another party.
- Never discuss any aspect of the manuscript with a third party.
- Ensure that all information and details related to the review and the review process remain confidential before, during, and after publication.
- Maintain the integrity of the double-blind peer review process. Do not under any circumstances contact any of the authors to discuss their manuscript.
- Be fair, honest, and objective in your evaluation of the manuscript.
- Declare a conflict of interest, and recuse yourself immediately if you believe your impartiality has been compromised.
The Review Process
Things to consider before agreeing to review a manuscript
Before you agree to review a manuscript, you should be certain that you have the necessary expertise and time to provide a critical evaluation of the article. Ask yourself whether:
- The article matches your expertise. Log in to your Etnoreflika account and read the manuscript's abstract to determine whether your field of expertise matches that of the manuscript.
- You are able to both complete the review on time and dedicate the appropriate amount of time to conducting a thorough review. A review should be completed within three weeks. If you do not think you can complete the review within this timeframe, please let the editor know. If possible, please also suggest an alternate reviewer. If you agree to review a manuscript, but later on find yourself unable to complete it on time, please contact the editor as soon as possible.
- You have any conflict of interest. Determine if there is any conflict of interest that may affect your impartiality. If there is, you should contact the editor and immediately recuse yourself. If you were unable to detect any conflict before agreeing to review the manuscript, but find one during the review, simply contact the editor and explain why you cannot continue.
Conducting the Review (Review procedure)
Etnoreflika uses an online submission and peer review system. When a reviewer is requested to review a paper submitted to Etnoreflika, they will have a journal account created for them, through which they will be able to read the abstract and decide on whether to agree to review it.
If you have been requested to review a paper, simply log into your reviewer account, read the provided abstract, and indicate whether you agree to review it. If you decline to review the manuscript, please include the reason why, and if possible, suggest an alternate reviewer from a similar field.
To ensure the integrity of the peer-review process, all further correspondence will be through this system, with the reviewer being given access to the full manuscript and provided with a review page to fill out and submit. If you wish, you can also provide comments directly on the manuscript file, but be sure that all comments are made anonymously and focus on the content of the article, not its layout or formatting.
Your review should look at both the overall quality of the manuscript and the accuracy and precision of its details, with the former informed by the latter. Assess the following aspects:
- Scope. Is the manuscript within Etnoreflika’s scope? How interesting and relevant will the article be to our readers?
- Adherence to Etnoreflika’s author guidelines. Does the manuscript adhere to the journal's guidelines?
- The novelty of the research. If this is a research article, is it sufficiently novel and interesting? Does it add new knowledge? How original is the research?
- Appropriateness of the title. Does the title accurately represent the content?
- Quality of the content. Does the article adhere to Etnoreflika’s standards? Is the research question an important one? Does the manuscript help to expand or further current research in its respective field?
- Clarity of the content. How good is the English? Will Etnoreflika’s readers be able to understand the arguments made by the author(s) without confusion? Is there a logical progression and evident organization in the article?
- Methodology. If this is a research article, is its description of the methodology informative, clear, and concise? Is the methodology of the research precise and properly conducted? How appropriate is the approach or experimental design?
- The significance of the findings. What are the implications of the findings? How significantly will this manuscript contribute to the humanities?
- Appropriateness of tables, figures, boxes, and/or supplementary material. Is every figure, table, or box necessary and correctly described? Is the supplementary material appropriate for the content?
- Completeness of the data. If this is a research article, how complete are the data?
- The relevance of the discussion. Is the discussion relevant to the results and rest of the content? Have the authors appropriately discussed their results in the context of previous work?
- Appropriateness of citations/references. Are all citations accounted for? Is there an appropriate amount of citations for the content (neither too few nor too many)?
- Adherence to correct scientific nomenclature. Are technical terms used correctly?
In addition to the above criteria, you should also pay attention to whether the manuscript contains instances of plagiarism, improper referencing, re-publication, fraud, or other forms of deception. Things to look for:
- Plagiarism. Observe whether a portion of the manuscript has been copied from another work without giving appropriate credit. For example, a text has been copied verbatim without a clear indication that it is a quote, the text has been copied but not cited—suggesting that these are the own words or ideas of the author(s)—or some portion of the text has been copied without the permission of the original author. If you find that a significant part of the manuscript has been plagiarized, please contact the section editor as soon as possible so we can take the appropriate actions.
- Missing, incorrect, or incomplete references. All text, figures, tables, data, ideas, or concepts that have been previously published should be cited. It is considered plagiarism for an author to present something as their own even though it is not, regardless of their intent.
- Re-publication. Etnoreflika does not publish work that has already been published elsewhere. Please notify the section editor if you find an instance of a manuscript having been published previously (either partially or fully).
- Fraud. It is often the case that an author will misread a source and unintentionally make an inaccurate claim. Nevertheless, any part of the manuscript that is found to be untrue should be highlighted as such. And, more crucially, any form of data manipulation or tampering should be brought to the section editor's attention immediately.
Publication ethics is not limited to these four items (you can read Etnoreflika’s full publication ethics. If you believe the author(s) have attempted to mislead readers, infringed upon a copyright or patent, or might jeopardize the integrity of the journal in any other way, please contact the section editor.
Submitting the review
The Etnoreflika review form
Once you have gathered enough information to make a decision on the manuscript, log in to your Etnoreflika account to complete the review. At the minimum, you will be required to grade the manuscript based on the aforementioned criteria, as well as to summarize your major findings and give your overall impression of the article. Although it is only optional, we highly encourage you to also take the opportunity to comment on the manuscript in more detail, and provide specific suggestions that might improve any aspect of it.
If you have made specific comments in the manuscript file, remember to anonymize them to prevent the authors from being able to identify you.
Making good comments
It's important to ensure that all comments are constructive and intended to better the quality of the manuscript (or otherwise help the authors understand where they went wrong). Please reconsider making comments that fall out of this purview.
Follow good commenting practices. For example:
- Do not comment on the acceptability of the manuscript, and avoid suggesting revisions as conditions for acceptance.
- Provide detailed, unambiguous comments.
- Be respectful and positive. Your goal should be to help the author(s) improve their article, by providing constructive criticism and helpful suggestions. Consider how you would like your own manuscript to be reviewed. (Also note Etnoreflika’s aforementioned policy on malicious commenting.)
- Highlight areas that need clarification or should be elaborated further by the authors.
- Make suggestions on how the authors can improve problematic passages. How might they improve the clarity of a given section?
- You are not required to edit the style or grammar of the manuscript, but any improvement to the clarity of the content is greatly appreciated.
- Highlight consistent instances of misspelled technical terms.
- Avoid making dogmatic statements. You should be able to back up your comments with proof or precedence in previous literature.
- Take care not to dismiss the manuscript, whether in its novelty, methodology, or findings.
Your final task as a reviewer will be to recommend that the manuscript is either; a) accepted as is, b) accepted with minor revisions, c) accepted with major revisions, or d) rejected. If the manuscript is rejected, you should explain your reasons why.
Regardless of what you recommend, your decision should be supported by the facts of the evaluation and backed with constructive criticism. As one of at least two reviewers, your recommendation may differ from that of your colleagues. Therefore, ensuring that you conduct a good critical review is important, as it enables Etnoreflika’s editorial board to make an informed final decision on the manuscript. Also note that the final decision on the manuscript is made by the editorial board, taking into account ever reviewer’s recommendations, and your recommendation might not be reflected in this decision.