ETNOREFLIKA: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya <p>ETNOREFLIKA is published by Laboratory of Anthropology Department of Cultural Science Faculty of Halu Oleo University in collaboration with&nbsp;<a href=""><strong>Asosiasi Departemen/Jurusan Antropologi Seluruh Indonesia (ADJASI)</strong></a>&nbsp;(<strong><a href="">link MoA</a></strong>). ETNOREFLIKA has been accredited with 4<sup>th</sup> (Sinta 4) level through the Decree of <strong>Directorate General of Higher Education, Research and Technology of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology, Republic of Indonesia, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Decree No. 105/E/KPT/2022</a></strong>. Accreditation is effective up to the publication of Volume 11 Issue 2 of 2026. &nbsp;</p> <p>This scientific journal is published once in 4 (four) months (on February, June, and, and October) and has two versions of ISSN: printed version with ISSN 2252-9144 and academic version with e-ISSN: 2355-360X. ETNOREFLIKA&nbsp;is dedicated as a scientific periodical publication expectedly becoming the medium of exchanging ideas and thoughts in Anthropological field and social and humanities science. Etnoreflika is present with the mission of building tradition and academic climate for civilization advance and humanity dignity. &nbsp;</p> <p>In addition, ETNOREFLIKA journal intentionally taking generic word “ethnos” aims to promote and to develop multiculturalism spirit in Indonesian plural life. <em>Reflika</em> is defined as a process of reflecting behavior, idea, and environment.</p> <p>Editor accepts theoretical article contribution, results of research in the form of ethnography, and articles containing constructive idea to solve social, cultural and or humanities problems in broad sense, and development problems in general, as well as review on anthropological, social, cultural, and humanities science textbooks.&nbsp;</p> <p class="p1"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Download Certificate of Accreditation</strong></a><a title="Download Certificate of Accreditation" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong></strong></a></p> Laboratorium Jurusan Antropologi, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Halu Oleo en-US ETNOREFLIKA: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya 2252-9144 <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.&nbsp;Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse.</p> <p>All articles published in Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options:&nbsp;<strong><a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)</a>.</strong>&nbsp;Authors and readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.&nbsp;If you remix, transform or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.</p> PEREMPUAN DALAM STRUKTUR SOSIAL BUDAYA ORANG KAILI DI SULAWESI TENGAH <p><em>This essay is a form of 'diversity' of views in contemporary feminist ethnography which views that women are not a single category (that all women suffer from the same oppression). This research is intended to frame the community's cultural values ??related to the position of women and see their relationship with the socio-cultural structure of the Kaili people. The question being asked is what is the position or position of women in the socio-cultural structure of the Kaili people? The results of the study show that women in the life of the Kaili people are placed in a central position. This is reflected in the cognitive structure of the Kaili people through the Tomanuru myth. Tomanuru is described as a wise, fair, honest and cooperative woman. who was deliberately sent down to earth to accompany Tomalanggai, who later became known as the ancestors of the Kaili people. Meanwhile, at a practical level, the roles played by women within the scope of the nuclear family (koyompuse) are embodied in the role of bulonggo who has the power to control the family's economic resources. Within the scope of the extended family (Santina), the role of women is reflected in the concept of tina, including tina numbara-mbara, tina nurombe. Meanwhile in the wider community (savalantambako), tina nubalia and tina ngata emphasize the presence of women as leaders and even as main figures in the embodiment of a ritual and the benefit of the village. The central roles of these women are a form of recognition of women's abilities and equality.</em></p> Citra Dewi Copyright (c) 2022 Citra Dewi 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 11 3 352 368 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i3.1858 MERAJUT KESELARASAN HIDUP MELALUI SENI PERTUNJUKAN: Memori Kolektif Kesenian Rodatin Margo Rukun <p><em>The concept of harmony in Javanese society contains ethical principles that must be upheld by the Javanese people. All measures are taken to maintain harmony. Rodatin is a folk performing art that reflects this concept. Rodat dance serves as a medium of Islamic symbols since the reign of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I. Rodatin is a war technique of the Diponegaro War which is camouflaged in the form of smooth movements. Knowledge of this art is limited to oral speech. This paper writes about the collective memory of Rodatin in the Margo Rukun art group in Mulungan Hamlet, Nogosren Village, Getasan District, Semarang Regency, Central Java. From this activity, it can be seen that Rodatin art has a blend of Javanese, Hindu, Islamic and Western values. Rodatin art is performed in the methukan (encounter) tradition in the Javanese-Islamic calendar, namely Rejeb, Ruwah, Pasa, Suro, and Sapar. Methukan is a symbol of hablum minnanas and hablum minnallah (human relations with fellow creatures and humans with the creator). Rodatin art as a means of da'wah and practice to knit the way of harmony in accordance with Javanese and Islamic values.</em></p> Nur Arohman Sunardi Sunardi Emy Wuryani Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Arohman, Sunardi Sunardi, Emy Wuryani 2023-02-04 2023-02-04 11 3 390 399 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i3.1760 WARISAN BUDAYA KANTINU SEBAGAI POTENSI PENGEMBANGAN WISATA PADA MASYARAKAT MUNA <p><em>This research aims to identify the existence of Muna community’s kantinu in Loghiya Village of Lohiya Sub District of Muna Regency. As a past artifact, kantinu is constructed to collect rainwater. The use of kantinu is important to know to reveal its function. The identification of kantinu is expected to help explore the cultural potency allowing for the development of tourism sector, particularly kantinu-based tourist destination. The method used in this research was qualitative one and thus, the data collection was conducted based on observation, interview, and documentation techniques. The informant of current research consisted of kantinu user community, historicist, cultural observer, and those related to tourism activities. Data analysis in this research was carried out using descriptive qualitative analysis. The result of research showed that the kantinu exists in Loghiya in relatively large number compared with that in other villages in Lohia Sub District. However, some kantinus have been damaged or flawed. Some kantinus with good condition, varying diameters and shapes are potential to be tourist object. A number of kantinus distributed around Masjid Quba, when organized, managed, and refunctioned, can present a sufficiently attractive tourist destination that integrates ecotourism, religious tourism, and historical tourism</em><em>. </em></p> Wa Ode Winesty Sofyani Ashmarita Ashmarita La Ode Topo Jers Raemon Raemon Syahrun Syahrun Copyright (c) 2022 Wa Ode Winesty Sofyani, Ashmarita Ashmarita, La Ode Topo Jers, Raemon Raemon, Syahrun Syahrun 2023-02-04 2023-02-04 11 3 369 378 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i3.1756 STORYTELLING COMPETITION OF WORLD CHILDREN’S LITERATURE: EXPERIENCING THE MORAL VALUES OF THE STORIES TO ENHANCE JUNIOR HIGH STUDENTS’ LANGUAGE SKILLS <p><em>English Department Students of Universitas Halu Oleo held the storytelling competition annually. In 2021, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the competition was held online and presented to participants from South East Sulawesi and the other Provinces in Indonesia. In line with it, the committee did not limit the story to South East Sulawesi Province's folklore but allowed them to choose the stories independently. Of all the students participating, none of the stories chosen were from South East Sulawesi. Most selected stories were from world children's literature (and some Indonesian children's literature translated into English). This research collected the data from observation of the script and each student's performance. The data was analyzed using descriptive analysis based on the phenomenon found during the competition. The findings showed that this storytelling competition contributed to Junior High students' English skills. The students experienced stories worldwide to get into the stories before performing them in the competition. To get experienced, the students needed to rehearse, which drove them to practice the language several times and automatically imitate the new language to enhance their language skills. On the other side, students also learned about the stories and the culture from many nations in the world. Above all, this research aimed to demonstrate the role of the storytelling competition in improving students' language skills as they learned the moral values of the stories. </em></p> Nur Israfyan Sofian Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Israfyan Sofian 2022-02-05 2022-02-05 11 3 400 410 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i3.1744 SINIAR SEBAGAI MEDIA PENGARSIPAN KOLEKTIF BERBASIS KOMUNITAS <p><em>This paper describes the podcast production by the youth community due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Combining netnography, participatory action research, and oral tradition methodologies, we show that </em><em>firstly </em><em>podcast provide</em><em>s</em><em> a space for intergeneration to have a historical discussion. Podcast also augment</em><em>s</em><em> an opportunity for the youth villager to have a voice in their community and give their “own” history a voice and vehicle. Second</em><em>ly</em><em>, the podcast serve</em><em>s</em><em> as a space for unveiling the hidden history and discussing events or places that have historical values. In this context, podcasts become a collective archiving medium. It also allows </em><em>for </em><em>the exchange of memories and reproduces them as new knowledge in the village. Third</em><em>ly</em><em>, podcast production activities have encouraged social and cultural changes. Finally, we argue that podcast provide</em><em>s</em><em> alternative sources for local history studies that accommodate the voices of undercurrents and ordinary people.</em></p> Novira Ismia Jaen Galuh Ambar Sasi Sunardi Sunardi Copyright (c) 2022 Novira Ismia Jaen, Galuh Ambar Sasi, Sunardi 2023-02-04 2023-02-04 11 3 379 389 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i3.1722 PEMETAAN DATA RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN NELAYAN TRADISIONAL DI WILAYAH KABUPATEN KERAWANG <p><em>This study aims to find a map of the causes of poverty according to poor households, explain the determinant factors that influence the behavior of poor households and the level of community welfare, formulate the main strategy of effective poverty reduction based on the causes of poverty, design an effective empowerment model in improving household welfare. poor households and identify strategic roles that can be carried out by the government, especially development instructors in implementing poverty reduction strategies. This research was conducted in the district of Karawang. This research is motivated by the existence of gaps that occur between layers of the population in a society, where every policy that emphasizes direct attacks on the causes of poverty is a problem from the government. Neo-Liberal theory basically says that an important component of a society is indiviual freedom. Poverty is the absence of effential assets and opportunities to which every human being is entitled. Everyone should have access to basic education and primary health care.Poverty is better measured by measured by measures: basic education, health care, nutrition, clean water and sanitation, in addition to income, employement, and wages. The types of data collected in this study are primary data and secondary data. This research was conducted through a series of procedures which included obtaining permits, compiling interview guidelines, determining informants, conducting field research, analyzing data, and preparing draft reports. The results of this study prove that fishing households optimize the role of family members in trying to overcome the problem of poverty, carry out a double income pattern by allocating their workforce to various types of work, facilitate diversification of fishing equipment in fishing communities, use productive organizations by actively participating in groups. social gatherings and recitation groups to help overcome the problem of poverty, the existence of social relations carried out by fishermen to maintain their existence</em></p> Ummanah Ummanah Ari Anggarani Winadi Prasetyoning Tyas Nizirwan Anwar Copyright (c) 2022 Ummanah Ummanah (Author) 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 11 3 290 302 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i2.1469 KEBERTAHANAN KOSAKATA ANATOMI TUBUH MANUSIA DALAM BAHASA MUNA PADA PENUTUR BAHASA MUNA <p><em>Regional languages are one of the sources of Indonesian language development, therefore the existence of regional languages is very necessary to be maintained or preserved. Muna language is one of the regional languages in Southeast Sulawesi. The current position of the Muna Regional language has gone down. The condition of the local language-speaking community who is reluctant to use the local language and changes in the environment in which they live are one of the contributing factors. The purpose of this study was to describe the percentage level of survival of the vocabulary of the anatomy of the human body in the Muna language among Muna speakers at BTN Kendari Permai, Kendari City. This study used the theory of language survival, vocabulary, and ecolinguistics theory.</em> <em>The methods used in this research were qualitative and quantitative methods. The results of data analysis showed that the anatomical vocabulary of the human body in Muna language for Muna speakers at BTN Kendari Permai were still survives well. From the 40 respondents who filled out the questionnaire, 81% of the respondents still knew, understood and explained the names of their anatomy well. From the 60 vocabularies proposed in the questionnaire, 87% (52) of vocabulary still survive and 13% (8) of vocabularies have not survived.</em></p> Wa Ode Halfian Fina Amalia Masri Zahrani Zahrani Ali Mustopa Copyright (c) 2022 Wa Ode Halfian, Fina Amalia Masri, Zahrani Zahrani, Ali Mustopa (Author) 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 11 3 256 271 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i2.1565 ”TIDAK PANTAS MENERIMA UANG DARI JENAZAH”: Kajian Teori Konsensus dan Resiprositas pada Peristiwa Kematian <p>The rites associated with the death ceremony are determined by the thinking behind it, which appears in the actions lived by a particular community. Actions taken can be different in the same event. This research explores the appreciation of the meaning of the death event in Tayeman hamlet, Kopeng Village, Semarang Regency, specifically regarding the act of not providing a funeral box and not wanting to receive funeral money which is a form of sympathy, support and solidarity from the mourners to the grieving family. Even the bereaved family actually entertained the mourners like a party. This interesting phenomenon is studied from the perspective of consensus and reciprocity theory. The method used is descriptive method with a qualitative approach through observation, direct involvement, interviews, and literature study. The results obtained are that the actions of the Tayeman hamlet community emerge through a shared appreciation that takes a long time, is formalized, and is agreed upon, and they still recognize that every human being must give and receive one another in the life they live. Because of that they still respect different customs when they are outside the area, and do not force their local wisdom to be carried out by other communities.</p> Sony Kristiantoro Copyright (c) 2022 Sony Kristiantoro 2022-01-10 2022-01-10 11 3 327 339 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i3.1551 AKULTURASI BUDAYA DALAM PERGAULAN SOSIAL MAHASISWA LOKAL DAN PENDATANG <p><em>Cultural acculturation is the process of meeting several cultures where the culture will be accepted and processed without causing the loss of the culture itself. Cultural acculturation can occur between students in campus where in fact students come not only from the environment around the campus but also from overseas or immigrants. They always come from different backgrounds, so they have different cultures. This study aims to describe the process of cultural acculturation in the social interactions of local and immigrant students, the forms of cultural acculturation in the social interactions of local and immigrant students, and the inhibiting factors of cultural acculturation in the social interactions of local and immigrant students in the Sociological Education study program at Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University. The results of study were analyzed based on George Herbert Mead's theory of Symbolic Interactionism. This study used a qualitative method with a case study approach. Data collection technique employed was interview with informant constituting the students of Sociology Education at Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University. The data analysis technique used was Miles and Huberman’s data analysis technique, involving data reduction; data presentation; and conclusion drawing. The results of study revealed that the acculturation process in local students and immigrants occurred during learning process, student organization, and socialization with residents around boarding house. The forms of cultural acculturation occurring were related to language, culture, and habit. Local students and newcomers in the Sociology Education study program are still able to blend without removing the cultural elements they bring, despite their differences and experience with few obstacles in their implementation including different language and regional origin, as well as obstacles to face-to-face learning restrictions during the pandemic.</em></p> Niken Utami Denny Soetrisnaadisendjaja Agung Fauzi Copyright (c) 2022 Niken Utami (Author) 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 11 3 215 230 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i2.1525 ANALISIS MODEL PENGELOLAAN PARIWISATA BERBASIS MASYARAKAT <p><em>Community-based tourism (CBT) is one of the management models adopted by the Wakatobi Regency government in managing tourism. This paper examines the management of community-based tourism in Wangi-Wangi Island, Wakatobi Regency from 2006 to 2019</em> <em>Data were obtained from various literatures by conducting literature studies and from field observations and interviews with the community. Meanwhile, the data analysis technique used was a qualitative data analysis with CBT perspective. The results of this study indicate that the CBT model is carried out in two types: (1) tourism management is carried out by landowners in which local community is not directly involved in the management of object; (2) tourism management is carried out by the government, in which the local community is directly involved in managing the tourist objects. The supervision of CBT model management is carried out by the government along with the community involved in tourist objects. The local community can feel directly the benefit of CBT model, either directly or indirectly involved. </em></p> La Ode Aris Heddy Shri Ahimsa Putra Pande Made Kutanegara Copyright (c) 2022 La Ode Aris, Heddy Shri Ahimsa Putra, Pande Made Kutanegara (Author) 2022-02-28 2022-02-28 11 3 90 105 10.33772/etnoreflika.v11i1.1523