BUDAYA MUNA TERHADAP CADANGAN PANGAN (STUDI DI KELURAHAN WALAMBENA WITE, KECAMATAN PARIGI, KABUPATEN MUNA, SULAWESI TENGGARA)

  • Wa Ode Sifatu . Antropologi Fakultas Ilmu Budaya
Keywords: Muna Community, Food Reserve,Walambenowite

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know food shortage in Muna community at Walambenowite district with Sumner thought about mores with ethnography method. The custom of family food reserve were corn, tubers, and lentils are the staple foods. Rice at that time was only for ceremonial food and treat for family guest. Free seedling aid and government subsidized rice ease community affair and pleased the government choice. Mores works well in connectedness between humans as an individu and a group. In Muna community food reserve management in Walambenowite also gathered strategized, to survive for their  own existance as part of universe. At the moment every group or individu at Muna community in Walambenowite have switched their staple food with subsidized rice, so every side can maintain their achieved position. Implication, Muna community think that government policy habituate the community with completely free goods as addiction so that they keep loyal to the elected leader. However, indirectly it overlooked the forefather food reserve tradition that are more environtmentally friendly than subsidized rice which poison own nation. The government need to revitalized Muna community tradition regarding family food reserve, so all parties have awareness to introspect oneself dan self reflection, not with blaming betwen the parties, so that the remaining Muna unique flora and fauna can be revitalized.

Key words : Muna Community, Food Reserve,Walambenowite

References

Aggraval, Arun. 1998 Indigeneous and Scientific Knowledge: Some Critical Comments dalam Antropologi Indonesia. No. 55, Th. XXII, Januari-April, 1998.

----------2005 Environmentality Community, Intimate Government, and the Making of Environmental Subjects in Kumaon, India Current Anthropology Volume 46, Number 2, April 2005 by The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. All rights reserved.

Hardiman. 2013 Tradisi Lisan Etnik Muna, Sulawesi Tenggara dan Fungsinya dalam Pelestarian Lingkungan.Pusat Kajian Tradisi Lisan &Amp; Ekolinguistik Kawasan Indonesia Timur.

Kang Wu, Ying Long, Qizhi Mao, Xingjian Liu. 2015 Featured graphic. Mushrooming Jiedaos, growing cities: an alternative perspective on urbanizing China.Environment and Planning A 2015, volume 47, pages 1 – 2.

Manning, Louise. 2015 Determining value in the food supply chain", British Food Journal, Vol. 117 Iss: 11, p.2649 – 2663.

Mattevi, Mattia and Jeffrey A Jones. 2016 Food supply chain: Are UK SMEs aware of concept, drivers, benefits and barriers, and frameworks of traceability?", British Food Journal, Vol. 118 Iss: 5, pp.1107 – 1128.

Nur Arafat. 2010 Kearifan Masyarakat Dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Kaindea Di Pulau-Pulau Kecil. Agriplus, Volume 20 Nomor 03 p.233-239.

--------2011 Dinamika Pengelolaan Hutan Adat Di Pulau Kecil (Studi Kasus Pulau Wangi-Wangi Kabupaten Wakatobi). Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan, Vol. V; No. 1, Januari—Maret 2011; p.30—39.

Paiement, J. J. 2007 Antropology and Development. Napa Buletin 27, 215.

Parfitt, Julian, Mark Barthel, Sarah Macnaughton. 2010 Food waste within food supply chains: quantification and potential for change to 2050. The Royal Society P. 3065 ----3081

Schrauwers, Albert. 1999 Negotiating parentage: The Political Economy of "Kinship" in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. American Ethnologist; May 1999; 26, 2; Wilson Social Sciences Abstracts Plus Text pg. 310-323.

Sumner, William Graham.1885 Collected Essays on Political and Science. Yale: Yale University Press.

-----------1907 What Social Classes Owe to Folkways. Yale: Yale University Press.

Török, Aron, Matthew Gorton,Tregear, Angela. 2016 Geographical indications may improve the positioning of small-scale producers. Environ Plan A 2016 vol. 48 no. 2, p. 433-451

Udu, Sumiman. 2013 Tradisi Lisan sebagai Media Konservasi Lingkungan dalam Masyarakat Adat Wakatobi. Bloger http://www.wakatobicenter.com/2013_06_12_archive.html diakses 24 Juni 2016.

Sejarah Badan Usaha Logistik Sumber:http://www.bulog.co.id/sejarah.php diakses tanggal 24 Juni 2016.

Wa Ode Diana. 2014 Hutan Kotano Wakumoro dan Sungai Fotuno Rete di Ambang Kehancuran (Studi pada Masyarakat Walambena Wite, Kecamatan Parigi, Kabupaten Muna. Skripsi FIB UHO, Kendari: Belum Diterbitkan.

http://www.google.co.id/search?q=Peta+kabupaten+Muna&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjA16Sn4snNAhUJpo8KHUUEDU diakses 24 Juni 2016.

http://ekolinguistik-tradisilisan.blogspot.co.id/2013/02/tradisi-lisan-etnik-munasulawesi_1442.htm, diakses 24 Juni 2016.
Published
2017-01-07
Section
Makalah Simposium Internasional Bahasa, Sastra dan Budaya 2016