Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

  1. Articles must be submitted through OJS of Canon:  Journal of Language and Literature at here
  2. the topic of the article is languageand literature, and any cognate subject. 
  3. Articles must be in English, 3500 – 8000 words, saved as Word Document (.doc/.docx) or Rich Text Format (.rtf); A4 paper, Font: Cambria 11. 
  4. Article should include (a) title; (b) name of contributor (with no academic title), affiliations; (c) abstract; (d) 3 or 4 keywords; (e) introduction, methodology, results and discussion, conclusions, (f) references, and (g) appendices—optional. 
  5. Abstract should be prepared in English, 200 - 300
  6. Abstract should state (a) the purpose of the study, (b) basic procedures in the study, and (c) principal conclusions. 
  7. Text (i.e. introduction, methodology, discussion, conclusion) should be organized under suitable headings.
  8. Citation and Reference follow/adapt the APA format. 
  9. Manuscripts must be submitted as Microsoft Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) and must be single-spaced using a 12-point font in Times New Roman; employ italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. Recommended manuscript length is 4000 to 8000 words, including references.
  10. Manuscript content should be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Method; Findings and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgements(if Any); and References.
  11. Paper Title; the title of the paper should be in 18 pt bold capitalized Times New Roman and be justified. The title should not be more than 20 words.
  12. Author’s Name(s) and Affiliation(s)should be in 12 pt Times New Roman bold with 12 pt.
  13. Abstract and Keywords: Abstract should stand alone, means that no citation in abstract. Abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. You must be accurate, brief, clear and specific. Use words which reflect the precise meaning, Abstract should be precise and honest. Please follow word limitations (200-300 words) explicitly include the introduction, objective of the papers, method, findings, and conclusion.Below the abstract, include three to four keywords should appear together with the main body of the article with the font size 12. Each word/phrase in keyword should be separated by  a comma (,).


In introduction, Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of introduction section. Before the objective, Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey in order to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Method should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods.


  • Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than providing data in great detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers.
  • The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results.


Conclusion should answer the objectives of research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.

Acknowledgement (optional)

Recognize those who helped in the research, especially funding supporter of your research. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or may other supporter i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers who may have given materials.


  • Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Check each reference ofthe original source (authors' name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number).
  • Every source cited in the body of the article should appear in the reference, and all sources appearing in the reference should be cited in the body of the article.
  • The sources cited should at least 50% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the forms of journal articles, books, and research reports, including theses and dissertations. Quotation and references follows APA style and the latter should be included at the end of the article in the following examples:


Angelova, N. (2014). Data Pruning (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from http://www. resolver.caltech. edu/CaltechETD:etd-052820004-000943.

Babes in Cyberspace Era. (2012). In The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 2, pp. 673 – 674. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.

Benner, B. (2017). Executive Functioning and Aggression. American Psychologyst, 67(1), pp. 11 – 16. Retrieved from

Caprette, C.L. (2015). Conquering the Cold Shudder: The Origin and Evolution of Snake Eyes (Doctoral Dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Douglass, F. (1845). Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself. In William Andrew (Ed.) (2014). Classics American Autobiographies (pp. 229 – 327). New York: Mentor.

Eugene, S. & Lane, D. (2004). Analyzing Casual Conversation. London: Cassell Book Limited.

Sagarin, B., & West, T. (2011). Critically Evaluating Competing Theories. Teaching Language, (32)3, pp. 167 – 172. DOI:

Schneider, J., Whitehead, D., & Elliot, D. (2009). Nursing and Midwifery (2nd ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Seton, T. (2011, August 28). The Journey of 2,000 Miles in Search of the Caribou. Retrieved from http://www.baywood. com/ journey/.asp?0091-43.


Template of the article can be seen here